Francis Stevens presents the pen name for Gertrude Barrows Bennett (1884-1948). Gertrude received popularity as a science fiction and fantasy writer. She wrote a range of fantasies between 1917 to 1923. Stevens received the nickname as the woman who invented dark fantasy and some of her popular works include The Citadel of Fear (1918) and Claimed (1920). She also received recognition for her most popular dystopian novel named The Heads of Cerberus (1919). Born in Minneapolis 1884, she completed her eighth grade at school and attended night teaching. Stevens dreamed to become an illustrator but followed a career as a stenographer. She married a British journalist and explorer in 1909 named Stewart Bennett. They moved to Philadelphia, and unfortunately, her husband died in a tropical storm. She continued her career to look after her daughter and later her mother.
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