Stanisław Herman Lem (1921-2006) received popularity as a Polish science fiction writer who developed an interest in philosophy and satire. Lem’s books received significant popularity and translated to over 41 languages. One of his best-known books received the name Solaris (1961) and also changed into a script format. Lem’s books explore philosophical approaches and the use of technological thoughts in his writings. He uses the intelligence theme to write about the universe and humanity. The political situation prevented him from studying at Lwów Polytechnic after the Soviet Invasion.
His father approached a connection who arranged for Lem to study medicine at Lwów University in 1940. Lem’s family who descendent from a Jewish lineage struggled to survive during the Nazi regime occupation. Lem earned a living by servicing motor cars, also assisted the Polish resistance to create additional funds for himself. Lem became popular after the publication of a range of books, for example, The Man from Mars (1946), The Astronauts (1951), Eden (1959), Solaris (1961), Peace on Earth (1987), Return from the Stars (1961) and many more.
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